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Oct 9, 2011

Durga Puja Essay | Essay on Dushera For Class (Std) 6

Read the essay care fully. Durga Puja also referred to as  Durgotsava, (Bengali: দুর্গোৎসব, ‘Festival of Durga’), is an annual Hindu festival in South Asia that celebrates worship of the Hindu goddess Durga.In Utter Pradess it is known as Dushehra. In Gujrat it is known as Ram Nawami. It is also know as victory of good over bad because on this day Rama killed the Ravana the symbol of bad. 
 It refers to all the six days observed as Mahalaya, Shashthi,Maha Saptami, Maha Ashtami, Maha Navami and Bijoya Dashami. The dates of Durga Puja celebrations are set according to the traditional Hindu calendar and the fortnight corresponding to the festival is called Devi Paksha.
Durga Puja Mantra:
Mantras, the integral part of Durga puja are accompanied by the rhythmic beatings of the dhak, smell of the incense sticks, 'dhoono' and flowers. These create the atmosphere of Durga puja. Chanting of mantras in Sanskrit is essential part of the Durga Puja Festival. This is a part of Durga Puja's Pushpanjali Mantra:

“Om Jayanti, Mangala, Kali, Bhadrakali, Kapalini. Durga, Shiba, Kshama, Dhatri, Swaha, Swadha Namahstu Te. Esha Sachandana Gandha Pushpa Bilwa Patranjali, Om Hrring Durgaoi Namah"


Geography of Celebration:
Durga Puja is widely celebrated in the Indian states of West Bengal, Bihar,Assam, Jharkhand, Orissa and Tripura. It is a five-day annual holiday. It is the biggest festival of the year in West Bengal and Tripura which has majority of Bengali Hindus . Not only is it the biggest Hindu festival celebrated throughout the State, but it is also the most significant socio-cultural event in Bengali society.

 Apart from eastern India, Durga Puja is also celebrated in Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Punjab, Kashmir, Karnataka and Kerala. Durga Puja is also celebrated as a major festival in Nepal and in Bangladesh where 10% population are Hindu. Nowadays, many diaspora Bengali cultural organizations arrange for Durgotsab in countries such as the United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Australia, Germany, France, The Netherlands, Singapore and Kuwait, among others. 
In 2006, a grand Durga Puja ceremony was held in the Great Court of the British Museum.
History:
The prominence of Durga Puja increased gradually during the British Raj in Bengal. After the Hindu reformists identified Durga with India, she became an icon for the Indian independence movement. In the first quarter of the 20th century, the tradition of Baroyari or Community Puja was popularised due to this. After independence, Durga Puja became one of the largest celebrated festivals in the whole world.

Know how:
Durga Puja also includes the worship of Shiva. Shiva is Durga's consort, and worship of mother nature through nine types of plant (called "kala bou").  kala bou represents nine divine forms of Goddess Durga. It is also done in addition to Lakshmi, Saraswati with Ganesha and Kartikeya, who are considered to be Durga's children. Modern traditions have come to include the display of decorated pandals and artistically depicted idols (murti) of Durga. On the completion of Dashmi people exchange  Bijoya greetings with each other on mobile.

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