Politics has always been low on ethical ground, but Mahatma Gandhi the greatest political leader of India raised ethics of politics religiously at greater height. Full name of 'Mahatma Gandhi' was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He was born on October 2, 1869 at Porbandar in Gujrat (India) in a Bania cast. Gandhi's father's name was Karamchand Gandhi. His mother's name was Putlibai. His wife's name was Kasturba (also written as Kasturbai).
He was very honest and truthful from his very boyhood. He was strong opponent of communalism. He went to England to become a barrister. He completed his law in England and came back to India in 1893 Gandhi then went to South Africa. There he applied the techniques of non-violence and civil disobedience to get the civil rights of Muslim and Hindu Indians in South Africa. Here he began his political career by way of protest against the British rulers. He applied the new technique of Satyagraha and became successful. He then came back to India and led the freedom movement against the British Government Gandhiji started Satyagraha, Non-cooperation and Civil Disobedience Movements and became very successful. The patriotic Indians stood behind him and India ultimately won her freedom on August 15, 1947 However, Gandhi was not only a great political leader but also a great man. He led a saintly life and was against all sorts of injustice and inequality in the society. He wanted to establish a Ram Rajya in which all men would live in peace and happiness. For his great contribution to the country, the Indians respectfully call him the Father of the Nation.He was assassinated on 30 January 1948 by Nathuram Godse who thought Gandhi was too sympathetic to India's Muslims. 30 January is observed as Martyrs' Day in India.