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Lal Bahadur Shastri
Lal Bahadur Shastri
Lal Bahadur Shastri was born on 2nd October 1904. He was the second prime minister of Independent India and was the leader of the Indian National Congress party. He was born in Mughalsarai in Shrivastava Kayastha family. His father was Sharada Prasad Shrivastava who was a school teacher and later became a clerk in the Revenue Office at Allahabad. His mother was Ramdulari Devi. Shastri’s father died when Shastri was only a year old. Shastri was educated at East Central Railway Inter college in Mughalsarai and Varanasi. He graduated with a first-class degree from the Kashi Vidyapeeth in 1926. He was given the title Shastri ("Scholar"). The title was a bachelor's degree awarded by the Vidya Peeth, but it stuck as part of his name. Later he married to Lalita Devi of Mirzapur and had six children. Shastri joined the Indianindependence movement in 1921. His early activities included participation in the non-cooperation movement for which he was jailed briefly by the British. He also participated in Salt Satyagraha in1930. He was imprisoned for two and a half years. Shastri spent almost nine years in jail in total. He used to spent his time by reading books and the works of western philosopher, revolutionaries and social reformers. When India got its Independence the Parliamentary Secretary appointed Lal Bahadur Shastri in his home state of Uttar Pradesh. He also became the Minister of Transport and Police. In 1951, Shastri was made the General Secretary of the All-India Congress Committee with JawaharlalNehru as the Prime Minister. He served as the Minister of Railways and Transport in the Central Cabinet from 13 May 1952 to 7 December 1956. On death of first prime minister of India , Jawaharlal Nehru Shastri was made the prime minister on 11june 1964 by Congress party president K.Kamaraj. Lal Bahadur Shastriji outstanding slogan “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan” means Hail the soldier, Hail the farmer was given during Indo-Pak war in 1965. Prime Minister Shastri died in Tashkent, the day after signing the Tashkent Declaration, reportedly due to a heart attack. Upon his death,Gulzarilal Nanda once again assumed the role of Acting Prime Minister until the Congress Parliamentary Party elected Indira Gandhi over Morarji Desai to officially succeed Shastri. His sudden death raised many question by citizens of India. His health was fit as per his personal physician Dr. R. N. Chugh and he has had no sign of heart trouble before. So 'Lal Bahadur Shastri death' is very much surprising to every Indian.