Science has developed itself skillfully, except that it's 2016 and we still don’t have a lamp with a genie inside it that can fulfill all our deepest desires. I say it has developed itself skillfully because they have created Robots by employing artificial intelligence on them. Robots are the mobile Google. They are made with human-like qualities in them.
With the advancement of technology, artificial intelligence is without a doubt, a hot topic these days. It has its share of merits but its demerits are also plenty. From its beginnings to the present time, Artificial Intelligence has had to face a series of problems.
Let’s have a look at some of them today!:
The main criticisms of artificial intelligence have to do with their inability to completely imitate a human being. The critics ignore that no single human has the capacity to solve all kinds of problems and authors like Howard Gardner have proposed that there are multiple bits of intelligence. An artificial intelligence system should solve problems. Therefore, it is fundamental in its design to delimit the types of problems that it will solve and the strategies and algorithms that it will use to find the solution. In humans, the ability to solve problems has two aspects: the innate aspects and the learned aspects.
Do not think:
Other experiments such as John Searle's Chinese Room have shown how a machine can simulate thought without having it and can pass many tests without even understanding what it does. Some have criticized this for the obvious fact that the machine is not actually thinking, but acting on a preset schedule. This criticism dissolves if one considers the education of humans as preset programs since education would be to transmit rules, procedures and algorithms to a student to solve problems and make decisions.
Depends on programs
The innate aspects allow, for example, to store and retrieve information in memory and learned aspects of solving a mathematical problem using the appropriate algorithm. Just as a human must have tools that allow him to solve certain problems, artificial systems must be programmed in such a way that they can solve certain problems. Many people consider that the Turing test has already been overcome. There are those who talk about an artificial intelligence program for a chat.
Replaces human being:
The negative impacts of artificial intelligence also include that it will replace man and many people will be left without work and not have money to pay their needs. Also, it will leave man without having to do anything since the machines would be the only ones doing the jobs and men will no longer be able to work as before.
Some other disadvantages of AI are:
1. The supplementation of human capacity to perform manual labor.
2. If we were able to equip the computer and / or electrical devices with intelligence, it could very well affect us adversely.
3. They do not have self-consciousness or emotions or self-awareness (emotions, sociability, etc.)
4. Cannot handle the true meaning of anything and can only do what is programmed.
5. Machines cannot really think.
6. General signature is not creative.