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Sep 15, 2017

Population Problem in India Essay For Class 10

Over-population is not just a problem in India but throughout the world. India has already crossed a population count of more than 1 billion.

Every minute more than 30 babies are born, and less than 10 deaths are registered. Being the second most populous country after China, it is believed that by 2050 it is going to surpass China in terms of population growth, given the birth rate every minute in India. In fact, there are several measures taken by the government to curb the growth of population- through TV Ads displaying the advantages of having a nuclear family, the kind of depression large families go through in managing their household, and through various programs educating the masses on the issue of population explosion.

Population Problem in India Essay For Class 10

Some of the causes of over-population are the birth rate being higher than the death rate although we have been able to successfully reduce the death rate by providing good medical treatment. But the measures we have taken so far have proved to be ineffective, and therefore we have not been able to control the birth rate. Other serious causes of population explosion are early marriage, illiteracy and poverty, and illegal migration of people from other countries.

For example, a carpenter thinks that the more kids he can give birth to, the more he can employ to make more money, and such kind of mentality due to lack of proper education is leading to population growth on an unprecedented rate.

As a consequence of it, the negative effects on the other areas of the economy are huge. Rising unemployment, shortage of resources, unequal distribution of wealth, infrastructural issues, and manpower utilization are some of the issues arising out of over-population in India, and worldwide. India produces about twelve lakh graduates every year but only 30% of them are able to get jobs. The matter of the truth is no economy in the world can employ so many people in a year. The quantum of agricultural produce is the same but the consumption is only increasing due to rising population; which is leading to inflation. Traffic congestion due to increase in motor purchases, and as a result of it leads to waste of time for people going for work. Another leading social issue is the early child marriages, and the longing for a son especially in rural areas.

The government of India in consultation with various private bodies including good policy makers, must formulate an effective policy to make ensure control of population through sex education, freely distributing contraceptives and condoms among the uneducated masses, increasing the welfare of women, tackling persistent social issues, encouraging women empowerment, among others. Apart from just formulating the policy, and implementing it, the government should also introduce an effective tool in order to measure the effectiveness of the implementation of policy on regular intervals.

Many experts are of their opinion that proper control of population can make India more prosperous and advanced in Science and Technology, Healthcare, Education, business and industry, and many other areas.

For accurate Data , please watch government of India websites or get resources from other sources also.

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