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Jul 6, 2011

Essay on Lokpal Bill | Paragraph on Lokpal Bill

  Total- 417 Words
Overview:
The first Jan Lokpal Bill was introduced by Shanti Bhushan and passed in the 4th Lok Sabha in 1969 but could not get through in the Rajya Sabha.
Subsequently, Lokpal bills were introduced in 1971, 1977, 1985, 1989, 1996, 1998, 2001, 2005 and in 2008, yet they were never passed.
42 years after its first introduction, the Lokpal bill was  pending in India till Dec 2013.
But the Lokpal and Lokayukt Bill 2011 ultimately passed after a marathon discussion and debate. This bill was passed in the parliament after a massive public movement led by anti-corruption crusader Anna Hazard and his team. This bill is the most widely debated bill in India both by media and people. On December 17, 2013 the bill was passed in the Rajya Sabha and after certain amendments to the earlier bill, the bill also passed in the Lok Sabha on December 18, 2013. Earlier Lokpal and Lokayukt Bill 2011 tabled on December 22 2011 and was passed by the Lok Sabha by real time voting on December 27 2011, but failed in Rajya Sabha.

History:
The basic idea of the Lok Pal is borrowed from the office of ombudsman, which has played an effective role in checking corruption and wrong-doing in Scandinavian and other nations. In early 1960s, mounting corruption in public administration set the winds blowing in favour of an Ombudsman in India too. The Administrative Reforms Commission (ARC) set up in 1966 recommended the constitution of a two-tier machinery - of a Lokpal at the Centre, and Lokayukta(s) in the states.

Details:

The Lokpal Bill provides for filing complaints of corruption against the prime minister, other ministers, and MPs with the ombudsman. The Administrative Reforms Commission (ARC) while recommending the constitution of Lokpal was convinced that such an institution was justified not only for removing the sense of injustice from the minds of adversely affected citizens but also necessary to instill public confidence in the efficiency of the administrative machinery. Following this, the Lokpal Bill was for the first time presented during the fourth Lok Sabha in 1968, and was passed there in 1969.
However, while it was pending in the Rajya Sabha, the Lok Sabha was dissolved, and so the bill was not passed at that time. The bill was revived in 1971, 1977, 1985, 1989, 1996, 1998, 2001, 2005, and most recently in 2008. Each time, after the bill was introduced to the house, it was referred to some committee for improvements ** a joint committee of parliament, or a departmental standing committee of the Home Ministry **and before the government could take a final stand on the issue, the house was dissolved. Several flaws have been cited in the recent draft of the Lokpal Bill. Meanwhile the activists of India Against Corruption (IAC) have prepared a draft for the bill called Jan Lokpal Bill.
Duties:

* To judge the cases and make jurisdictions against corruption cases with the Lokpal.
* To judge whether a case is legal or whether a fake complaint has been made.
* To potentially impose fines on a fake complaint, or even a short span of jail time, if the case is not proved to      be legally true.

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