Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of independent India. He was born at Allahabad on 14th November, 1889. The Nehru family came from Kashmir and then permanent settled in Allahabad. His father's name was Motilal Nehru; who was a great and prominent lawyer and a national leader. He is said to be the architect of modern India. Jawaharlal received his education in England and became a barrister. But he did not practise law. He joined India's freedom movement under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi. very soon Jawaharlal emerged as a great leader and was elected president of the Indian National Congress. He was sent to prison for several times and suffered. He was sent to prison for several times and suffered. As the Prime Minister, Pandit Nehru tried hard to build India of his dream. His mission of construction heavy Industry in first five year plan proved to be the building stone for today's efficient Indian economy. He advocated for mixed economy where public and private sector will coexist. He prioritized heavy industries like steel, iron , power and coal for the fundamental development of the country. He played an important role in promoting international peace and understanding. He was also a great writer. He wrote The Discovery of India' and Glimpses of World History. For his endless love for children the nation observes his birthday as Children's Day every year Pandit Nehru was the Prime Minister until his death on May 27, 1964.