Biography of Raja RamMohan Roy or Essay for Class 8

Raja RamMohan Roy born in 1772, was one of the greatest social reformers from Bengal, when India was primarily in its Renaissance period. Born in a wealthy and orthodox Hindu family , he was a versatile talented man.

He was born in the Radhanagar village of Bengal but from the very early age, he learnt and became well-versed in languages like Sanskrit, Persia and Arabic. He also gathered religious knowledge of all the religion. Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism, Jainism, Judaism and Christianity. Later on he also deeply learnt the European books of authors like Locke, Voltaire, Newton Hume etc.

Biography of Raja RamMohan Roy or Essay for Class 8

Being a highly educated person, Raja RamMohan Roy was tremendously troubled by superstitious beliefs of Indian society rituals priest craft and other activities. He believed greatly in Vedas and Upnishads, Being a Vedanta he preached monotheism. He opposed idol worship and image worship because monotheism was the common principle Of all religions.

In 1815 Roy set up the Atmiya Sabha to discuss to spread about monotheism because he considered monotheism to be the real essence of Hinduism. The Atmiya Sabha was transformed into Brahma Samaj in 1830 which main objective was to give up idol worship. In 19th century many evils practices were prevalent in Indian society like Sati , Polygamy, Child marriage, dowry and discrimination.

Raja RamMohan Roy was one of the social reformers who fought to eradicate Sati Pratha. With the help of Lord William Bentic and act was passed on 4th December 1829 making Sati a punishable offense.

Roy's one of the strongest beliefs was that western education can help in progression of country India. Therefore he set up Anglo-Hindu College in 1822 and Vedanta college in 1826. The subjects like science and political science became part of the main syllabus. He also introduced the slogan of liberty fraternity and equality in the Indian society. Roy worked till death in removing backwardness of the Indian with the introduction of advance and rational thinking.



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