Apr 18, 2021

Essay on History of Air India and Indian Airlines

This essay is written to the best of my knowledge.

The First Flight:

The first flight by airplane took place on 6 March 1924 from Allahabad to Lucknow. This first commercial flight was financed by the Samata brothers, who owned the Lucknow Sporting Club. With help from Lufthansa Airlines, the Samatas took passengers Shri Manohar Samata and Shri Rana Samata.

First Government Airline:

Essay on History of Air India and Indian Airlines

The first government airline was Air India, which was chartered in 1932. By this time, the airlines were taking off with passengers in their air.

Indian Airlines:

The government airlines were privatized in 1948. It was taken over by the Deutsche Lufthansa Group in 1953. It was bought by the World Business Traveller Corporation in 1976. This became Indian Airlines in 1987. It was taken over by the Kingfisher Group in 2008.

The emergence of Private Airlines:

As the air transport business became commercialized, several private airlines began operating. They began taking off from the newly constructed airports in the cities, and gradually expanded to the expanding railway stations and bus stops of the surrounding areas.

The national airline of India is Indian Airlines, which is owned by the Deutsche Lufthansa Corporation. The state-owned airline is Air India, which is owned by the Government of India. The private airline is Jet Airways, which is privately owned.

Indian Airlines Services Area:

Indian Airlines serves 24 destinations, such as Delhi, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Bangalore, New Delhi, Chennai, Goa, Kozhikode, Thiruvananthapuram, Kolkata, Nagpur, and Chennai. It also provides cargo services, catering to cargo destinations and freight services. Indian Airlines is the official carrier of India.

History of Jet Airways:

Jet Airways is the only private airline offering services in India. It started operations in the year 1987. It serves 31 domestic destinations, such as Ahmedabad, Bengaluru, Cochin, Chennai, Delhi, Goa, Jaipur, Kolkata, Chennai, Mangalore, Mumbai, Patna, Pune, Raipur, Srinagar, Goa, Sonebhadra, Kandla, and Trivandrum. Jet Airways also serves many foreign destinations, such as Kuwait, Abu Dhabi, Dusseldorf, and Dubai. Jet Airways is the premier and fastest international airline in India. Jet Airways owns an Airbus A320 and A319, A320 and A321. The airline is a wholly owned subsidiary of Jet Airways Holdings, which is a private company.

Air India is the state-owned and national airline of India. It operates to over 75 destinations in India. Its headquarters are located in Mumbai, Maharashtra, and the airline has a team of 685 employees. It was the flag carrier of India from 2003 to 2009. The airline was the first private carrier to operate from New Delhi to Thiruvananthapuram. Air India Airways was the last state-owned airline of India.

Air India and Tata Group:

Air India Airways was acquired by the Tata Group in 2010. The acquisition price was Rs 6,075 crore and the airline received an advance of Rs 4,082.5 crore. The air carrier has introduced a number of new services on its booking website to enhance its domestic network. The company recently upgraded its booking system to help passengers book flights with online payment. In order to enhance its availability, the airline has started selling seats at its office in the financial capital of India. The online booking process is now available on its own website, too.

Indian Airline also offers on its official website and says, "We have also made some changes to our procedure to be more user-friendly in order to satisfy the travelers." The air carrier says, "Our website is completely re-written on a regular basis to add more destinations and keep up with the requirements of our travelers."

Air India Express :

The airline says, "The name has been changed to Air India Express to attract and attract the prospective passengers." Indian Airline says, "Since 2004, we have been functioning as a full-service carrier with an average delay of fewer than 30 minutes." Indian has a number of new services on its booking site, namely, Mumbai to Goa, Mumbai to Goa, Mumbai to Ahmedabad, Mumbai to Patna, and Mumbai to Bengaluru. The carrier has been trying to make its range more complete and has enhanced its Mumbai to Goa flights, too.

Air India as Domestic Carrier:

Air India is the flag carrier of the Air India group and was set up by the Government of India in 1932. From 1952 to 1962, it served as a domestic carrier before being merged with Indian Airlines and being renamed Air India. The airline was involved in several mergers and acquisitions till 2005 when the government of India acquired a 51 % stake in the airline.

Service and Reputation of Indian Airlines:

Indian Airlines, also known as the Indian Airline Group, is the national airline of India. It is wholly owned by the Government of India and employs over 85 000 people. The airline operates services to over 1 300 destinations and reaches a total of 65 million passengers every year. The airline was launched in 1961 and since then has emerged as one of the leaders in the industry. The airline owns a fleet of more than 200 aircraft and has a reputation for offering the highest quality services.

Rivalries between Air India and Indian Airlines:

Indian and Air India were once rivals in domestic flights but they have now become one of the major competitors in the sector. The airline has made a good mark in the industry with its inexpensive fares. This is because of the quality of the services offered and also because of the lack of competition in the domestic flight market.

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