Train accident has become a common phenomena in recent time in India. The 2010 and 2011 was very bad. The Kalka mail accident is unbelievable. It impacted our mind dangerously. It has not been many days one another accident resulted in Southern India. Before writing this essay I want to pay a humble homage to those unfortunate victims who lost their lives in these accidents. Let start to write an informative essay about the recent accident.
The mishap occurred when Chennai-Vellore Cantonment Mainline Electrical Multiple Unit (MEMU) rammed into the rear of the Arakkonam-Katpadi passenger which was waiting for signal at the Chitheri station, at about 9.40 PM on September 13 , 2011 .
This accident has disclosed one thing that all these accidents have to be studied like a case studies. This will provide the probable cause of the accidents. Human error has to be analised carefully in depth for enhancing railway safety and to protect future mishap .The train accident in India is not an event , but has turned into a disaster. And the big question is that we are completely unprepared to mitigate these disasters.
In this accident about 8 people identified. This is the fourth serious rail accident in India since July. Last month, at least three people were killed and 200 injured in a train collision in West Bengal.In July, at least 69 people were killed and almost 250 injured when a passenger train derailed in Uttar Pradesh.
Accidents are common on the Indian railways which connects immense network every corner of the country.It operates 9,000 passenger trains and carries some 18 million passengers every day.All time we say Indian Railway is our pride. But the people now raising finger on safety sytem of Indian Railway.If we have to feel a pride with Indian Railway we have to become extra managed more active , ethical honest to put safety on high scale. We can not compromise safety with anything else.
As these accidents put a question in the mind of Indian people about the most popular and more disussed safety system of avoiding train accidents. Now we are aquanted with the news of Anti Collision Device (ACD). Now many of us want to know about this. I think it is to be explained here.
The ACD Network is a Train Collision prevention system patented by Konkan Railway Corporation Limited. It is a Public Sector Undertaking of Ministry of Railways, Government of India.ACDs have knowledge embedded intelligence.
They take inputs from GPS satellite system for position updates and network among themselves. They exchange nformation using their data radio modems to take decisions for timely auto-application of brakes to prevent dangerous 'collisions', thus forming a 'Raksha KavachTM' (meaning a '(Train) Safety shield').ACDs are fitted at both in Locomotive and Guard's Van of a train. It acts as a watchdog in the dark as they constantly remain in lookout for other train bound ACDs, within the braking distance required for their relative speeds.They communicate through their radios and identify each other.If they happen to find themselves on the same track and coming closer to each other, they automatically restrain and stop each other, thereby preventing dangerous head-on and rear-end collisions.Loco ACD of a train also applies brakes to reduce the train speed either to 15 km/h if on approach it receives a message from other train bound ACD that has stopped in a block section on adjacent track. Thus side collision can also be checked.
ACD trials have recently been concluded successfully in Southern Railway. Further implementation on Indian Railway is awaited.